Static device configuration via udev

libinput supports some static configuration through udev properties. These properties are read when the device is initially added to libinput’s device list, i.e. before the LIBINPUT_EVENT_DEVICE_ADDED event is generated.

The following udev properties are supported:


Sets the calibration matrix, see libinput_device_config_calibration_get_default_matrix(). If unset, defaults to the identity matrix.

The udev property is parsed as 6 floating point numbers separated by a single space each (scanf(3) format "%f %f %f %f %f %f"). The 6 values represent the first two rows of the calibration matrix as described in libinput_device_config_calibration_set_matrix().

Example values are:

ENV{LIBINPUT_CALIBRATION_MATRIX}="1 0 0 0 1 0" # default
ENV{LIBINPUT_CALIBRATION_MATRIX}="0 -1 1 1 0 0" # 90 degree clockwise
ENV{LIBINPUT_CALIBRATION_MATRIX}="-1 0 1 0 -1 1" # 180 degree clockwise
ENV{LIBINPUT_CALIBRATION_MATRIX}="0 1 0 -1 0 1" # 270 degree clockwise
ENV{LIBINPUT_CALIBRATION_MATRIX}="-1 0 1 0 1 0" # reflect along y axis
A string identifying the libinput_device_group for this device. Two devices with the same property value are grouped into the same device group, the value itself is irrelevant otherwise.
If set to anything other than “0”, the device is ignored by libinput. See Ignoring specific devices for more details.
Assigns the physical seat for this device. See libinput_seat_get_physical_name(). Defaults to “seat0”.
If this property is set, the device is considered an input device. Any device with this property missing will be ignored, see Device type assignment via udev.
If any of the above is set, libinput initializes the device as the given type, see Device type assignment via udev. Note that for historical reasons more than one of these may be set at any time, libinput will select only one of these to determine the device type. To ensure libinput selects the correct device type, only set one of them.
Assigns the logical seat for this device. See libinput_seat_get_logical_name() context. Defaults to “default”.
HW resolution and sampling frequency of a relative pointer device. See Normalization of relative motion for details.
The angle in degrees for each click on a mouse wheel. See libinput_pointer_get_axis_source() for details.

Below is an example udev rule to assign “seat1” to a device from vendor 0x012a with the model ID of 0x034b.

ACTION=="add|change", KERNEL=="event[0-9]*", ENV{ID_VENDOR_ID}=="012a", \
ENV{ID_MODEL_ID}=="034b", ENV{ID_SEAT}="seat1"

Device type assignment via udev

libinput requires the ID_INPUT property to be set on a device, otherwise the device will be ignored. In addition, one of ID_INPUT_KEYBOARD, ID_INPUT_KEY, ID_INPUT_MOUSE, ID_INPUT_TOUCHPAD, ID_INPUT_TOUCHSCREEN, ID_INPUT_TABLET, ID_INPUT_JOYSTICK, ID_INPUT_ACCELEROMETER must be set on the device to determine the device type. The usual error handling applies within libinput and a device type label does not guarantee that the device is initialized by libinput. If a device fails to meet the requirements for a device type (e.g. a keyboard labelled as touchpad) the device will not be available through libinput.

Only one device type should be set per device at a type, though libinput can handle some combinations for historical reasons.

Below is an example udev rule to remove an ID_INPUT_TOUCHPAD setting and change it into an ID_INPUT_TABLET setting. This rule would apply for a device with the vendor/model ID of 012a/034b.

ACTION=="add|change", KERNEL=="event[0-9]*", ENV{ID_VENDOR_ID}=="012a", \

Ignoring specific devices

If a device has the LIBINPUT_IGNORE_DEVICE udev property set to any value but “0”, that device is not initialized by libinput. For a context created with libinput_udev_create_context(), the device is silently ignored and never shows up. If the device is added with libinput_path_add_device() to a context created with libinput_path_create_context(), adding the device will fail and return NULL (see that function’s documentation for more information).

If the property value is exactly “0”, then the property is considered unset and libinput initializes the device normally.

This property should be used for devices that are correctly detected as input devices (see Device type assignment via udev) but that should not be used by libinput. It is recommended that devices that should not be handled as input devices at all unset the ID_INPUT and related properties instead. The LIBINPUT_IGNORE_DEVICE property signals that only libinput should ignore this property but other parts of the stack (if any) should continue treating this device normally.

Model-specific configuration

As of libinput 1.12, model-specific configuration is stored in the Device quirks and not in the hwdb anymore. Please see Device quirks for details.

Lenovo x220 with touchpad firmware v8.1

The property LIBINPUT_MODEL_LENOVO_X220_TOUCHPAD_FW81 may be set by a user in a local hwdb file. This property designates the touchpad on a Lenovo x220 with a touchpad firmware version 8.1. When this firmware version is installed, the touchpad is imprecise. The touchpad device does not send continuos x/y axis position updates, a behavior also observed on its successor model, the Lenovo x230 which has the same firmware version. If the above property is set, libinput adjusts its behavior to better suit this particular model.

The touchpad firmware version cannot be detected automatically by libinput, local configuration is required to set this property. Refer to the libinput model quirks hwdb for instructions.

This property must not be used for any other purpose, no specific behavior is guaranteed.

Configuring the hwdb

This section outlines how to query the udev hwdb and reload properties so they are available to libinput.

The hwdb contains a set of match rules that assign udev properties that are available to libinput when the device is connected and/or libinput is initialized. This section only describes the hwdb in relation to libinput, it is not a full documentation on how the hwdb works.

libinput’s use of the hwdb is limited to properties systemd and custom rules files (where available) provide. Hardware-specific quirks as used by libinput are in the Device quirks system.

Querying the hwdb

libinput only uses device nodes in the form of /dev/input/eventX where X is the number of the specific device. Running libinput debug-events lists all devices currently available to libinput and their event node name:

$> sudo libinput debug-events
-event2   DEVICE_ADDED     Power Button                      seat0 default group1  cap:k
-event5   DEVICE_ADDED     Video Bus                         seat0 default group2  cap:k
-event0   DEVICE_ADDED     Lid Switch                        seat0 default group3  cap:S


Note the event node name for your device and translate it into a syspath in the form of /sys/class/input/eventX. This path can be supplied to udevadm info

$> udevadm info
P: /devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/PNP0C0D:00/input/input0/event0
N: input/event0
E: DEVNAME=/dev/input/event0
E: DEVPATH=/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/PNP0C0D:00/input/input0/event0
E: TAGS=:power-switch:

Lines starting with E: are udev properties available to libinput. For example, the above device’s ID_INPUT_SWITCH property will cause libinput to treat this device as switch device.

Reloading the hwdb

The actual hwdb is stored in binary file on-disk and must be updated manually whenever a .hwdb file changes. This is required both when a user manually edits the .hwdb file but also when the git tree is updated (and that update causes a hwdb change).

To update the binary file on-disk, run:

sudo udevadm hwdb --update

Then, to trigger a reload of all properties on your device, run:

sudo udevadm trigger /sys/class/input/eventX

Then check with udevadm info whether the properties were updated, see Querying the hwdb. If a new property does not appear on the device, use udevadm test to check for error messages by udev and the hwdb (e.g. syntax errors in the udev rules files).

sudo udevadm test /sys/class/input/eventX


udevadm test does not run commands specified in RUN directives. This affects the udev properties relying on e.g. the udev keyboard builtin such as the Touchpad jitter workarounds.

Modifying the hwdb


This section has been removed as it no longer applies in libinput 1.12 and later. libinput users should not need to modify the hwdb, any device-specific quirks must go in to the Device quirks system.

For information about older libinput versions, please see the documentation for your version avaialable in: