Wayland is a complete window system in itself, but even so, if we're migrating away from X, it makes sense to have a good backwards compatibility story. With a few changes, the Xorg server can be modified to use wayland input devices for input and forward either the root window or individual top-level windows as wayland surfaces. The server still runs the same 2D driver with the same acceleration code as it does when it runs natively. The main difference is that wayland handles presentation of the windows instead of KMS.
Follow the main Wayland build instructions first.
It may be necessary to build libxtrans from git://anongit.freedesktop.org/xorg/lib/libxtrans before building xserver on 32-bit systems.
git clone git://anongit.freedesktop.org/xorg/xserver -b xwayland cd xserver ./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD make make install cd ..
This gets you the latest Wayland enabled X server, until the Wayland enablement gets merged into the master branch.
The Device Dependent part of X. Only one of these is necessary. xf86-video-intel works with Intel open source video drivers. xf86-video-ati works with AMD Radeon open source drivers. xf86-video-wayland is implemented in software, so it works on all hardware, but is somewhat less complete. xf86-video-nouveau works with Nvidia / Nouveau.
git clone git://anongit.freedesktop.org/xorg/driver/xf86-video-intel -b xwayland cd xf86-video-intel ./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD make make install cd ..
git clone https://github.com/RAOF/xf86-video-ati -b xwayland cd xf86-video-ati ./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD make make install cd ..
git clone git://anongit.freedesktop.org/xorg/driver/xf86-video-wayland cd xf86-video-wayland ./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD make make install cd ..
git clone https://github.com/RAOF/xf86-video-nouveau -b xwayland cd xf86-video-nouveau ./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD make make install cd ..
Without this you will get the error "XKB: Failed to compile keymap".
mkdir -p $WLD/share/X11/xkb/rules ln -s /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/evdev $WLD/share/X11/xkb/rules/ ln -s /usr/bin/xkbcomp $WLD/bin/
Intel, ATI / AMD, and Nouveau DDXes probably do not require any xorg.conf modifications. If you use WLSHM, it requires a $WLD/etc/X11/xorg.conf containing:
Section "Device" Identifier "Device" Driver "wlshm" EndSection
Add this to ~/.config/weston.ini (or use the --modules=xwayland.so command line argument):
Run weston under X, or weston-launch on KMS / DRM / outside of X. weston-launch requires that you enable systemd session support for weston-launch (by using systemd and having the systemd-login devel headers at configure time) or add yourself to the "weston-launch" group:
sudo groupadd weston-launch sudo usermod -a -G weston-launch $USER # Log all the way out (of X, etc.) sudo chown root weston-launch sudo chmod +s weston-launch weston-launch
The weston console output will include "xserver listening on display :1". Within weston-terminal you will find $DISPLAY has already been set. Run an X client.
Weston listens on the X socket until a client attempts to connect, then launches X.org.